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Item Level Scoring

Last Updated: Aug 12, 2019 12:52PM CDT
Naiku supports the standards-based grading and reporting method advocated by Marzano (2006). In this method, Naiku assessments are scored based on item difficulty level and the pattern of student responses. Items have three levels: 1, 2, and 3 and students receive scores that range from 0-4.

Item Levels
  • Level 1 items address basic details and processes that are relatively easy for students.
  • Level 2 items address more complex ideas and processes and are more difficult for students
  • Level 3 items go beyond what was taught in class

Scoring Scale (Simplified shown)
  • 4.0 = In addition to Score 3.0 performance, in-depth inference and applications that go beyond what was taught
  • 3.0 = No major errors or omissions regarding any of the information and/or processes (simple or complex) that were explicitly taught
  • 2.0 = No major errors or omissions regarding the simpler details and processes but major errors or omissions regarding the more complex ideas and processes
  • 1.0 = With help, a partial understand of some of the simpler details and processes ans some of the more complex ideas and processes
  • 0.0 = Even with help, no understanding or skill demonstrated
Naiku also supports the complete scoring scale that include half points.

To use this scoring method in Naiku, select "Item Level Scoring Scale" in the Score by drop-down selection menu.

Create items for your assessment. Be sure to set the level for each item. To set the item level, click on Edit as you create the item (Constructed Response item type shown) to bring up pop-up modal for advanced settings.

In this modal, set the Level for the item.

When students take this exam, they will receive a Level Score (0-4, including half-points). Their score will be based on the level of items they answer correctly. The 0-4 scale also corresponds to a Proficiency Level label. The table below provides the details of how the Score Levels are calculated in Naiku. 

Note that the students' Level Scores are assigned automatically based on the table above. However, teachers can override those scores and adjust them as they deem appropriate. For example, you might want to do that when students exhibit a pattern of response that is unexpected (e.g., they may get a very easy Item Level 1 incorrect but get a very hard Level III item correct). In this case teachers have the discretion to adjust the Level Score for the student.


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